Space weather

Solar wind speed Solar wind magnetic fields Noon 10.7cm radio flux
Bt Bz

Update

Update

Update
CONTINUED ALERT
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Issued: 2019-08-17 13.50 UTC
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Continuation of Serial Number: 2971
Begin Time: 2019 Aug 06 1015 UTC
Yesterday Maximum 2MeV Flux: 2115 pfu

Potential Impacts: Satellite systems may experience significant charging resulting in increased risk to satellite systems.

CONTINUED ALERT
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Issued: 2019-08-16 10.06 UTC
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Continuation of Serial Number: 2970
Begin Time: 2019 Aug 06 1015 UTC
Yesterday Maximum 2MeV Flux: 5259 pfu

Potential Impacts: Satellite systems may experience significant charging resulting in increased risk to satellite systems.

CONTINUED ALERT
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Issued: 2019-08-15 09.00 UTC
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Continuation of Serial Number: 2969
Begin Time: 2019 Aug 06 1015 UTC
Yesterday Maximum 2MeV Flux: 4811 pfu

Potential Impacts: Satellite systems may experience significant charging resulting in increased risk to satellite systems.

CONTINUED ALERT
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Issued: 2019-08-14 08.59 UTC
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Continuation of Serial Number: 2968
Begin Time: 2019 Aug 06 1015 UTC
Yesterday Maximum 2MeV Flux: 5359 pfu

Potential Impacts: Satellite systems may experience significant charging resulting in increased risk to satellite systems.

CONTINUED ALERT
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Issued: 2019-08-13 11.18 UTC
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Continuation of Serial Number: 2967
Begin Time: 2019 Aug 06 1015 UTC
Yesterday Maximum 2MeV Flux: 5184 pfu

Potential Impacts: Satellite systems may experience significant charging resulting in increased risk to satellite systems.

CONTINUED ALERT
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Issued: 2019-08-12 11.35 UTC
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Continuation of Serial Number: 2966
Begin Time: 2019 Aug 06 1015 UTC
Yesterday Maximum 2MeV Flux: 5494 pfu

Potential Impacts: Satellite systems may experience significant charging resulting in increased risk to satellite systems.

CONTINUED ALERT
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Issued: 2019-08-11 09.00 UTC
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Continuation of Serial Number: 2965
Begin Time: 2019 Aug 06 1015 UTC
Yesterday Maximum 2MeV Flux: 12622 pfu

Potential Impacts: Satellite systems may experience significant charging resulting in increased risk to satellite systems.

CONTINUED ALERT
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Issued: 2019-08-10 09.08 UTC
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Continuation of Serial Number: 2964
Begin Time: 2019 Aug 06 1015 UTC
Yesterday Maximum 2MeV Flux: 16351 pfu

Potential Impacts: Satellite systems may experience significant charging resulting in increased risk to satellite systems.

CONTINUED ALERT
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Issued: 2019-08-09 08.59 UTC
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Continuation of Serial Number: 2963
Begin Time: 2019 Aug 06 1015 UTC
Yesterday Maximum 2MeV Flux: 20276 pfu

Potential Impacts: Satellite systems may experience significant charging resulting in increased risk to satellite systems.

CONTINUED ALERT
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Issued: 2019-08-08 08.59 UTC
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Continuation of Serial Number: 2962
Begin Time: 2019 Aug 06 1015 UTC
Yesterday Maximum 2MeV Flux: 26161 pfu

Potential Impacts: Satellite systems may experience significant charging resulting in increased risk to satellite systems.

CONTINUED ALERT
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Issued: 2019-08-07 08.59 UTC
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Continuation of Serial Number: 2961
Begin Time: 2019 Aug 06 1015 UTC
Yesterday Maximum 2MeV Flux: 25891 pfu

Potential Impacts: Satellite systems may experience significant charging resulting in increased risk to satellite systems.

EXTENDED WARNING
Geomagnetic K-index of 4 expected
Issued: 2019-08-06 11.50 UTC
Geomagnetic K-index of 4 expected
Extension to Serial Number: 3650
Valid From: 2019 Aug 05 0336 UTC
Now Valid Until: 2019 Aug 06 1800 UTC
Warning Condition: Persistence

Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 65 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Aurora - Aurora may be visible at high latitudes such as Canada and Alaska.

ALERT
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Issued: 2019-08-06 10.30 UTC
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Threshold Reached: 2019 Aug 06 1015 UTC
Station: GOES14


Potential Impacts: Satellite systems may experience significant charging resulting in increased risk to satellite systems.

EXTENDED WARNING
Geomagnetic K-index of 4 expected
Issued: 2019-08-06 05.55 UTC
Geomagnetic K-index of 4 expected
Extension to Serial Number: 3649
Valid From: 2019 Aug 05 0336 UTC
Now Valid Until: 2019 Aug 06 1200 UTC
Warning Condition: Persistence

Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 65 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Aurora - Aurora may be visible at high latitudes such as Canada and Alaska.

EXTENDED WARNING
Geomagnetic K-index of 4 expected
Issued: 2019-08-05 17.55 UTC
Geomagnetic K-index of 4 expected
Extension to Serial Number: 3648
Valid From: 2019 Aug 05 0336 UTC
Now Valid Until: 2019 Aug 06 0600 UTC
Warning Condition: Persistence

Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 65 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Aurora - Aurora may be visible at high latitudes such as Canada and Alaska.

ALERT
Geomagnetic K-index of 5
Issued: 2019-08-05 16.22 UTC
Geomagnetic K-index of 5
Threshold Reached: 2019 Aug 05 1622 UTC
Synoptic Period: 1500-1800 UTC

Active Warning: Yes
NOAA Scale: G1 - Minor

Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 60 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Spacecraft - Minor impact on satellite operations possible.
Aurora - Aurora may be visible at high latitudes, i.e., northern tier of the U.S. such as northern Michigan and Maine.

EXTENDED WARNING
Geomagnetic K-index of 5 expected
Issued: 2019-08-05 14.43 UTC
Geomagnetic K-index of 5 expected
Extension to Serial Number: 1526
Valid From: 2019 Aug 05 0705 UTC
Now Valid Until: 2019 Aug 05 2359 UTC
Warning Condition: Persistence

Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 60 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Spacecraft - Minor impact on satellite operations possible.
Aurora - Aurora may be visible at high latitudes, i.e., northern tier of the U.S. such as northern Michigan and Maine.

ALERT
Geomagnetic K-index of 5
Issued: 2019-08-05 12.46 UTC
Geomagnetic K-index of 5
Threshold Reached: 2019 Aug 05 1246 UTC
Synoptic Period: 1200-1500 UTC

Active Warning: Yes
NOAA Scale: G1 - Minor

Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 60 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Spacecraft - Minor impact on satellite operations possible.
Aurora - Aurora may be visible at high latitudes, i.e., northern tier of the U.S. such as northern Michigan and Maine.

WARNING
Geomagnetic K-Index of 6 expected
Issued: 2019-08-05 10.53 UTC
Geomagnetic K-Index of 6 expected
Valid From: 2019 Aug 05 1053 UTC
Valid To: 2019 Aug 05 1500 UTC
Warning Condition: Onset
NOAA Scale: G2 - Moderate

Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 55 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Power grid fluctuations can occur. High-latitude power systems may experience voltage alarms.
Spacecraft - Satellite orientation irregularities may occur; increased drag on low Earth-orbit satellites is possible.
Radio - HF (high frequency) radio propagation can fade at higher latitudes.
Aurora - Aurora may be seen as low as New York to Wisconsin to Washington state.

ALERT
Geomagnetic K-index of 5
Issued: 2019-08-05 10.32 UTC
Geomagnetic K-index of 5
Threshold Reached: 2019 Aug 05 1031 UTC
Synoptic Period: 0900-1200 UTC

Active Warning: Yes
NOAA Scale: G1 - Minor

Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 60 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Spacecraft - Minor impact on satellite operations possible.
Aurora - Aurora may be visible at high latitudes, i.e., northern tier of the U.S. such as northern Michigan and Maine.

ALERT
Geomagnetic K-index of 5
Issued: 2019-08-05 08.13 UTC
Geomagnetic K-index of 5
Threshold Reached: 2019 Aug 05 0813 UTC
Synoptic Period: 0600-0900 UTC

Active Warning: Yes
NOAA Scale: G1 - Minor

Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 60 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Spacecraft - Minor impact on satellite operations possible.
Aurora - Aurora may be visible at high latitudes, i.e., northern tier of the U.S. such as northern Michigan and Maine.

ALERT
Geomagnetic K-index of 4
Issued: 2019-08-05 07.32 UTC
Geomagnetic K-index of 4
Threshold Reached: 2019 Aug 05 0731 UTC
Synoptic Period: 0600-0900 UTC

Active Warning: Yes

Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 65 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Aurora - Aurora may be visible at high latitudes such as Canada and Alaska.

WARNING
Geomagnetic K-index of 5 expected
Issued: 2019-08-05 07.07 UTC
Geomagnetic K-index of 5 expected
Valid From: 2019 Aug 05 0705 UTC
Valid To: 2019 Aug 05 1500 UTC
Warning Condition: Onset
NOAA Scale: G1 - Minor

Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 60 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Spacecraft - Minor impact on satellite operations possible.
Aurora - Aurora may be visible at high latitudes, i.e., northern tier of the U.S. such as northern Michigan and Maine.

WARNING
Geomagnetic K-index of 4 expected
Issued: 2019-08-05 03.36 UTC
Geomagnetic K-index of 4 expected
Valid From: 2019 Aug 05 0336 UTC
Valid To: 2019 Aug 05 1800 UTC
Warning Condition: Onset

Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 65 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Aurora - Aurora may be visible at high latitudes such as Canada and Alaska.

WATCH
Geomagnetic Storm Category G1 Predicted
Issued: 2019-08-03 12.53 UTC
Geomagnetic Storm Category G1 Predicted

Highest Storm Level Predicted by Day:
Aug 04: None (Below G1) Aug 05: G1 (Minor) Aug 06: G1 (Minor)

THIS SUPERSEDES ANY/ALL PRIOR WATCHES IN EFFECT

Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 60 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Spacecraft - Minor impact on satellite operations possible.
Aurora - Aurora may be visible at high latitudes, i.e., northern tier of the U.S. such as northern Michigan and Maine.

WATCH
Geomagnetic Storm Category G1 Predicted
Issued: 2019-08-02 13.39 UTC
Geomagnetic Storm Category G1 Predicted

Highest Storm Level Predicted by Day:
Aug 03: None (Below G1) Aug 04: None (Below G1) Aug 05: G1 (Minor)

THIS SUPERSEDES ANY/ALL PRIOR WATCHES IN EFFECT

Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 60 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Spacecraft - Minor impact on satellite operations possible.
Aurora - Aurora may be visible at high latitudes, i.e., northern tier of the U.S. such as northern Michigan and Maine.

EXTENDED WARNING
Geomagnetic K-index of 4 expected
Issued: 2019-07-30 23.31 UTC
Geomagnetic K-index of 4 expected
Extension to Serial Number: 3646
Valid From: 2019 Jul 30 1605 UTC
Now Valid Until: 2019 Jul 31 0300 UTC
Warning Condition: Persistence

Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 65 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Aurora - Aurora may be visible at high latitudes such as Canada and Alaska.

WARNING
Geomagnetic K-index of 4 expected
Issued: 2019-07-30 16.06 UTC
Geomagnetic K-index of 4 expected
Valid From: 2019 Jul 30 1605 UTC
Valid To: 2019 Jul 30 2359 UTC
Warning Condition: Onset

Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 65 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Aurora - Aurora may be visible at high latitudes such as Canada and Alaska.

WARNING
Geomagnetic K-index of 4 expected
Issued: 2019-07-21 23.08 UTC
Geomagnetic K-index of 4 expected
Valid From: 2019 Jul 21 2307 UTC
Valid To: 2019 Jul 22 0300 UTC
Warning Condition: Onset

Potential Impacts: Area of impact primarily poleward of 65 degrees Geomagnetic Latitude.
Induced Currents - Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Aurora - Aurora may be visible at high latitudes such as Canada and Alaska.

CONTINUED ALERT
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Issued: 2019-07-21 15.46 UTC
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Continuation of Serial Number: 2959
Begin Time: 2019 Jul 10 1230 UTC
Yesterday Maximum 2MeV Flux: 1870 pfu

Potential Impacts: Satellite systems may experience significant charging resulting in increased risk to satellite systems.

CONTINUED ALERT
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Issued: 2019-07-20 11.58 UTC
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Continuation of Serial Number: 2958
Begin Time: 2019 Jul 10 1230 UTC
Yesterday Maximum 2MeV Flux: 1849 pfu

Potential Impacts: Satellite systems may experience significant charging resulting in increased risk to satellite systems.

CONTINUED ALERT
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Issued: 2019-07-19 11.41 UTC
Electron 2MeV Integral Flux exceeded 1000pfu
Continuation of Serial Number: 2957
Begin Time: 2019 Jul 10 1230 UTC
Yesterday Maximum 2MeV Flux: 1942 pfu

Potential Impacts: Satellite systems may experience significant charging resulting in increased risk to satellite systems.

Table

Date Radio flux 10.7 cm SESC Sunspot number Sunspot area 10E-6 New regions GOES15 X-ray Bkgd flux Flares
X-ray Optical
C M X S 1 2 3
Jul 18, 2019 67 0 0 0 A6.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jul 19, 2019 67 0 0 0 A6.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jul 20, 2019 67 0 0 0 A6.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jul 21, 2019 68 0 0 0 A6.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jul 22, 2019 67 11 0 1 A6.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jul 23, 2019 67 0 0 0 A6.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jul 24, 2019 68 0 0 0 A6.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jul 25, 2019 68 0 0 0 A6.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jul 26, 2019 68 0 0 0 A6.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jul 27, 2019 67 0 0 0 A6.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jul 28, 2019 67 0 0 0 A6.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jul 29, 2019 66 0 0 0 A6.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jul 30, 2019 66 0 0 0 A6.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jul 31, 2019 67 0 0 0 A6.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aug 1, 2019 67 0 0 0 A6.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aug 2, 2019 67 0 0 0 A6.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aug 3, 2019 66 0 0 0 A6.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aug 4, 2019 67 0 0 0 A6.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aug 5, 2019 68 12 10 0 A6.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aug 6, 2019 68 11 0 1 A7.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aug 7, 2019 68 0 0 0 A7.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aug 8, 2019 69 0 0 0 A6.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aug 9, 2019 67 0 0 0 A6.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aug 10, 2019 67 0 0 0 A6.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aug 11, 2019 68 0 0 0 A6.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aug 12, 2019 67 0 0 0 A6.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aug 13, 2019 67 0 0 0 A6.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aug 14, 2019 67 0 0 0 A6.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aug 15, 2019 67 0 0 0 A6.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aug 16, 2019 68 0 0 0 A6.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Average/Total 67 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Summary graph

Flares

Solar wind

Solar Wind

The solar wind is a stream of plasma released from the upper atmosphere of the Sun. It consists of mostly electrons, protons and alpha particles with energies usually between 1.5 and 10 keV. The stream of particles varies in density, temperature, and speed over time and over solar longitude. These particles can escape the Sun's gravity because of their high energy, from the high temperature of the corona and magnetic, electrical and electromagnetic phenomena in it.

The solar wind is divided into two components, respectively termed the slow solar wind and the fast solar wind. The slow solar wind has a velocity of about 400 km/s, a temperature of 1.4–1.6×10e6 K and a composition that is a close match to the corona. By contrast, the fast solar wind has a typical velocity of 750 km/s, a temperature of 8×10e5 K and it nearly matches the composition of the Sun's photosphere. The slow solar wind is twice as dense and more variable in intensity than the fast solar wind. The slow wind also has a more complex structure, with turbulent regions and large-scale structures.

Solar radio flux at 10.7 cm

Solar radio flux at 10.7 cm

The solar radio flux at 10.7 cm (2800 MHz) is an excellent indicator of solar activity. Often called the F10.7 index, it is one of the longest running records of solar activity. The F10.7 radio emissions originates high in the chromosphere and low in the corona of the solar atmosphere. The F10.7 correlates well with the sunspot number as well as a number of UltraViolet (UV) and visible solar irradiance records. Reported in “solar flux units”, (s.f.u.), the F10.7 can vary from below 50 s.f.u., to above 300 s.f.u., over the course of a solar cycle.

Flares

Flares

A solar flare is a sudden flash of brightness observed over the Sun's surface or the solar limb, which is interpreted as a large energy release of up to 6 × 10e25 joules of energy. They are often, but not always, followed by a colossal coronal mass ejection. The flare ejects clouds of electrons, ions, and atoms through the corona of the sun into space. These clouds typically reach Earth a day or two after the event.

Solar flares affect all layers of the solar atmosphere (photosphere, chromosphere, and corona), when the plasma medium is heated to tens of millions of kelvin, while the electrons, protons, and heavier ions are accelerated to near the speed of light. They produce radiation across the electromagnetic spectrum at all wavelengths, from radio waves to gamma rays, although most of the energy is spread over frequencies outside the visual range and for this reason the majority of the flares are not visible to the naked eye and must be observed with special instruments. Flares occur in active regions around sunspots, where intense magnetic fields penetrate the photosphere to link the corona to the solar interior. Flares are powered by the sudden (timescales of minutes to tens of minutes) release of magnetic energy stored in the corona. The same energy releases may produce coronal mass ejections (CME), although the relation between CMEs and flares is still not well established.

The frequency of occurrence of solar flares varies, from several per day when the Sun is particularly "active" to less than one every week when the Sun is "quiet", following the 11-year cycle (the solar cycle). Large flares are less frequent than smaller ones.

Classification

Solar flares are classified as A, B, C, M or X according to the peak flux (in watts per square metre, W/m2) of 100 to 800 picometre X-rays near Earth, as measured on the GOES spacecraft.

Classification Peak Flux Range at 100-800 picometer
W/m2
A < 10e-7
B 10e-7 to 10e-6
C 10e-6 to 10e-5
M 10e-5 to 10e-4
X 10e-4 to 10e-3
Z > 10e-3

An earlier flare classification is based on Hα spectral observations. The scheme uses both the intensity and emitting surface. The classification in intensity is qualitative, referring to the flares as: (f)aint, (n)ormal or (b)rilliant. The emitting surface is measured in terms of millionths of the hemisphere and is described below. (The total hemisphere area AH = 6.2 × 1012 km2.)

Classification Corrected area
(millionths of hemisphere)
S < 100
1 100 - 250
2 250 - 600
3 600 - 1200
4 > 1200

Sunspot number

Sunspots

Sunspots are temporary phenomena on the photosphere of the Sun that appear visibly as dark spots compared to surrounding regions. They correspond to concentrations of magnetic field that inhibit convection and result in reduced surface temperature compared to the surrounding photosphere. Sunspots usually appear in pairs, with pair members of opposite magnetic polarity. The number of sunspots varies according to the approximately 11-year solar cycle.

Sunspot populations quickly rise and more slowly fall on an irregular cycle of 11 years, although significant variations in the number of sunspots attending the 11-year period are known over longer spans of time. For example, from 1900 to the 1960s, the solar maxima trend of sunspot count has been upward; from the 1960s to the present, it has diminished somewhat. Over the last decades the Sun has had a markedly high average level of sunspot activity; it was last similarly active over 8,000 years ago.

The number of sunspots correlates with the intensity of solar radiation over the period since 1979, when satellite measurements of absolute radiative flux became available. Since sunspots are darker than the surrounding photosphere it might be expected that more sunspots would lead to less solar radiation and a decreased solar constant. However, the surrounding margins of sunspots are brighter than the average, and so are hotter; overall, more sunspots increase the Sun's solar constant or brightness. The variation caused by the sunspot cycle to solar output is relatively small, on the order of 0.1% of the solar constant (a peak-to-trough range of 1.3 W/m2 compared to 1366 W/m2 for the average solar constant).

K-indices



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Data


Estimated Planetary

Estimated Planetary

Date A K-indices (UTC)
0h 3h 6h 9h 12h 15h 18h 21h
Jul 19, 2019 4 1 1 0 2 1 1 1 1
Jul 20, 2019 3 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1
Jul 21, 2019 8 1 1 1 2 1 2 3 3
Jul 22, 2019 8 2 2 3 3 2 2 2 1
Jul 23, 2019 6 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 2
Jul 24, 2019 5 2 1 0 1 2 1 1 2
Jul 25, 2019 3 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1
Jul 26, 2019 3 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1
Jul 27, 2019 4 1 1 0 2 1 1 2 1
Jul 28, 2019 4 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 0
Jul 29, 2019 5 2 2 2 1 1 1 0 1
Jul 30, 2019 8 1 0 1 0 3 3 2 3
Jul 31, 2019 8 3 2 3 2 2 1 1 2
Aug 1, 2019 8 3 2 2 1 1 1 2 3
Aug 2, 2019 4 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
Aug 3, 2019 3 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0
Aug 4, 2019 4 1 1 2 1 1 1 0 2
Aug 5, 2019 35 1 3 5 5 5 5 4 4
Aug 6, 2019 12 3 3 2 3 2 2 1 3
Aug 7, 2019 6 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2
Aug 8, 2019 7 2 2 2 1 3 2 1 1
Aug 9, 2019 6 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3
Aug 10, 2019 8 3 2 2 2 1 1 2 2
Aug 11, 2019 6 1 1 2 2 3 1 1 2
Aug 12, 2019 5 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2
Aug 13, 2019 7 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 2
Aug 14, 2019 5 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1
Aug 15, 2019 4 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 2
Aug 16, 2019 5 1 1 2 3 1 1 1 1
Aug 17, 2019 4 1 2 1 1

Middle Latitude

Date A K-indices
Jul 19, 2019 3 1 0 0 2 2 1 1 1
Jul 20, 2019 5 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1
Jul 21, 2019 9 0 1 1 3 1 2 4 3
Jul 22, 2019 11 1 2 4 3 3 2 2 1
Jul 23, 2019 7 1 3 1 2 3 1 2 1
Jul 24, 2019 5 1 1 0 1 3 1 1 2
Jul 25, 2019 3 0 0 0 1 3 1 1 1
Jul 26, 2019 4 0 0 1 1 3 2 1 1
Jul 27, 2019 4 1 0 0 2 2 1 2 1
Jul 28, 2019 7 1 3 2 1 3 1 1 1
Jul 29, 2019 5 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 1
Jul 30, 2019 8 1 0 1 1 3 3 2 3
Jul 31, 2019 10 3 2 3 2 3 2 2 2
Aug 1, 2019 8 3 2 2 1 3 1 2 2
Aug 2, 2019 4 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2
Aug 3, 2019 4 1 0 0 2 2 2 1 1
Aug 4, 2019 6 1 1 3 1 2 1 1 2
Aug 5, 2019 20 2 3 4 4 4 4 3 3
Aug 6, 2019 10 3 3 2 3 2 2 1 2
Aug 7, 2019 6 2 3 1 1 2 1 1 2
Aug 8, 2019 6 2 2 2 1 3 1 1 1
Aug 9, 2019 7 0 1 2 2 2 2 2 3
Aug 10, 2019 8 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 1
Aug 11, 2019 7 1 1 2 2 3 2 2 2
Aug 12, 2019 7 1 2 1 2 3 2 1 2
Aug 13, 2019 8 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2
Aug 14, 2019 5 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1
Aug 15, 2019 4 0 1 1 1 2 1 2 1
Aug 16, 2019 6 1 1 2 3 2 2 1 1
Aug 17, 2019 1 2 1 1

High Latitude

Date A K-indices
Jul 19, 2019 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
Jul 20, 2019 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Jul 21, 2019 6 0 1 2 3 1 1 2 2
Jul 22, 2019 10 2 2 3 4 2 2 2 0
Jul 23, 2019 3 1 2 1 2 1 0 0 1
Jul 24, 2019 3 1 1 0 1 2 1 1 1
Jul 25, 2019 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jul 26, 2019 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jul 27, 2019 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 2 0
Jul 28, 2019 3 1 2 1 2 1 0 0 0
Jul 29, 2019 4 1 3 2 0 0 1 0 0
Jul 30, 2019 5 0 0 0 0 3 3 1 2
Jul 31, 2019 8 3 2 3 2 2 0 1 2
Aug 1, 2019 4 3 2 1 1 0 0 1 1
Aug 2, 2019 3 1 1 2 1 0 0 1 1
Aug 3, 2019 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aug 4, 2019 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 1
Aug 5, 2019 61 0 5 5 7 7 6 3 3
Aug 6, 2019 24 4 3 2 6 5 2 1 2
Aug 7, 2019 7 3 2 1 2 2 2 1 1
Aug 8, 2019 12 2 2 2 1 5 3 1 2
Aug 9, 2019 11 0 1 2 5 3 2 1 2
Aug 10, 2019 9 3 2 3 3 2 1 1 1
Aug 11, 2019 14 0 1 2 5 5 1 1 1
Aug 12, 2019 4 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1
Aug 13, 2019 8 2 1 1 4 2 2 1 2
Aug 14, 2019 4 1 1 2 3 2 0 0 0
Aug 15, 2019 2 0 1 0 1 2 0 1 1
Aug 16, 2019 8 1 1 1 5 1 1 0 0
Aug 17, 2019 1 1 1 2

About

The K-index quantifies disturbances in the horizontal component of earth's magnetic field with an integer in the range 0–9 with 1 being calm and 5 or more indicating a geomagnetic storm. It is derived from the maximum fluctuations of horizontal components observed on a magnetometer during a three-hour interval. The label K comes from the German word Kennziffer meaning “characteristic digit”. The K-index was introduced by Julius Bartels in 1938.

The Estimated 3-hour Planetary Kp-index is derived at the NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center using data from the following ground-based magnetometers:

  • Sitka, Alaska
  • Meanook, Canada
  • Ottawa, Canada
  • Fredericksburg, Virginia
  • Hartland, UK
  • Wingst, Germany
  • Niemegk, Germany
  • Canberra, Australia

These data are made available thanks to the cooperative efforts between SWPC and data providers around the world, which currently includes the U.S. Geological Survey, Natural Resources Canada (NRCAN), the British Geological Survey, the German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ), and Geoscience Australia. Important magnetometer observations are also contributed by the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris and the Korean Space Weather Center K-index Watches are issued when the highest predicted NOAA estimated Kp-indices for a day are K = 5, 6, 7, or >= 8 and is reported in terms of the NOAA G scale. K-index Warnings are issued when NOAA estimated Kp-indices of 4, 5, 6, and 7 or greater are expected. K-index Alerts are issued when the NOAA estimated Kp-indices reach 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9.


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Snow

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Dew point

UV

Visibility

Cloud base

Evapotranspiration

Indoor temperature

Indoor humidity


Sunrise

Sunset

Moon rise

Moon set

Time

Menu

From

To

Fullscreen

Export as image

Settings

Homepage

Webcam

Table

Graph

Map

Steady

Rising

Falling

Warning

Latitude

Longitude

History

Solar eclipse

Lunar eclipse

GPS

Elevation

Day

Month

Year

High temperature

Low temperature

Day

Night

Spring

Summer

Fall

Winter